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- Previous ed.: 1992.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- 1. What do sociolinguists study? What is a sociolinguist? Why do we say the same thing in different ways? What are the different ways we say things? Social factors, dimensions and explanations. Section 1: Multilingual speech communities 2. Language choice in multilingual communities: Choosing your variety or code; Diglossia; Code switching or mixing 3. Language maintenance and shift: Language shift in different communities; Language death and language loss; Factors contributing to language shift; How can a language be maintained? Language retrieval 4. Linguistic varieties and multilingual nations: Vernacular languages; Standard languages; Lingua francas 5. National languages and language planning: National and official languages; Planning for a national official language; Developing a standard variety in Norway; The linguist's role in language planning. Section 2: Language variation: features of users 6. Regional and social dialects: Regional variation; Social variation; Social dialects 7. Gender and age: Gender exclusive speech differences; Gender-preferential speech features; Gender and social class; Explanations of Women's linguistic behaviour; Age-graded features of speech; Age and social dialect data 8. Ethnicity and social networks: Ethnicity; Social networks 9. Language change: Variation and change; How do changes spread? How do we study language change? Reasons for language change. Section 3: Languauge variation: features of uses 10. Style, context and register: Addressee and style; Accommodation theory; Context, style and class; Style in non-Western societies; Register 11. Speech functions, politeness and cross-cultural communication: The functions of speech; Politeness and address forms; Linguistic politeness in different cultures 12. Gender, politeness and stereotypes: Women's language and confidence; Interaction; Gossip; The construction of gender; Sexist language 13. Language, cognition and culture: Language and perception; Whorf.
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